- actors and actresses
- In no other period of American theatre history has the stage boasted so many outstanding performers with so wide a following. Avid theatergoers collected cartes de visite (like trading cards, each with a photograph of an actor or actress) and postcard portraits. Mass circulation magazines and newspapers were full of interviews and human interest essays about actors along with line drawings early in the modernist era and, later, photographs. There was also a huge market for books about major actors and actresses, like those by Amy Leslie, Lewis C. Strang, Wingate and McKay, Margaret, and many others (see bibliography).Memoirs of stage careers were best sellers, as were biographies of actors and actresses. The Polish-born Helena Modjeska, for example, wrote her autobiography and was the subject of two biographies during her lifetime (as well as three later biographies). Like Modjeska, a number of foreign-born actors spent the greater part of their careers on the American stage. These include the Italian-born Tommaso Salvini and his son Alexander Salvini, the French actress Hortense Rhéa, Russian actress Alla Nazimova, and Czech actress Fanny Janauschek. Other European stars made a number of American tours: nine by Sarah Bernhardt, four by Eleonora Duse, eight by Henry Irving, and several by Ellen Terry. Quite a few performers born in Britain enjoyed dual careers on both the British and American stages; Dion Boucicault, Charles Coghlan, Rose Coghlan, Leslie Howard, Robert Loraine, Robert Mantell, Fanny Davenport, Mrs. Patrick Campbell, Agnes Robertson, and Lydia Thompson are a few examples of these.So many remarkable talents emerged to meet the demands of the entertainment-hungry American road that it is difficult to signal a few of them as "the best." For sheer brilliance of artistry in legitimate theatre, the greatest names of the modernist era would certainly include Edwin Booth, Joseph Jefferson III, Helena Modjeska, Mary Anderson, Julia Marlowe, E. H. Sothern, Minnie Maddern Fiske, Otis Skinner, Maude Adams, and Pauline Lord. Among the leading lights who combined acting and musical talents, one must mention Lotta Crabtree, De Wolf Hopper, Eddie Foy, George M. Cohan, Elsie Janis, and Chauncey Olcott.Because women usually guided the choice of plays to see, many actors rose to stardom at least partly on the basis of their physical attractions, beginning with Henry Dixey in Adonis in 1884. Other particularly handsome actors included John Barrymore, Kyrle Bellew, William Gillette, Herbert Kelcey, and Henry Miller. William S. Hart was a wooden actor, but he had a strong masculine presence that suited stars like Julia Arthur, Helena Modjeska, and Hortense Rhéa, who hired him as their leading man. Actors who neither cut a fine figure nor boasted appealing vocal quality had to demonstrate exceptional ability to interpret lines and project characterizations, as did Lawrence Barrett, a cold fish with a whiny voice who nevertheless achieved stardom on sheer intelligence and technique. Other major serious actors include George Arliss, Richard Bennett, Richard Mansfield, John McCullough, Thomas W. Keene, James O'Neill, and Frederick Warde; for most of these, Shakespeare's plays were at the core of their repertoires.Actresses particularly noted for their beauty or charismatic bearing on stage include Mary Anderson, Viola Allen, Maxine Elliott, Marie Doro, Grace George, Virginia Harned, Mary Mannering, and Ada Rehan. Vitality and sweetness were also prized in actresses like Blanche Bates, Lillian Gish, Maggie Mitchell, and Laurette Taylor. The leading emotional actress was Clara Morris. Among actors' fidelity league those evincing more subtlety in their psychological acting were Margaret Anglin, Katharine Corcoran Herne, and Ethel Barrymore. Prominent among those who projected sexuality were Olga Nethersole, Mrs. Leslie Carter, and Mae West.Among the legions of character actors, those who rose to particular prominence and affection with audiences include William H. Crane, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florence, Mrs. G. H. Gilbert, Edward Harrigan, John T. Raymond, Sol Smith Russell, and Denman Thompson.See also child performers.
The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. James Fisher.
Look at other dictionaries:
Singing actors and actresses in Indian cinema — are Indian film actors who do their own singing.Since the 1950s, most songs in films produced by the various regional Indian cinema industries have been sung by playback singers; the actors and actresses who appear to be singing and dancing are… … Wikipedia
List of recurring actors and actresses in the James Bond film series — This section involves actors and actresses that have appeared physically (but not always characteristically) in the James Bond film series more than once. All productions of James Bond that these actors and actresses appear in all belong to EON… … Wikipedia
List of Jewish actors and actresses — The list is currently organized chronologically, listing people by decade of birth. NOTOC 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s 1950s 1940s 1930s 1920s 1910s 1900s 1890s 1880s 1870s 1860s 1850s 1840s 1830s 1820s 1810s 1750s infinity1990s*Jonah Bobo (1997–)… … Wikipedia
List of British Actors and Actresses — A B Alan Rickman Alfred Molina Angela Griffin Angela Lansbury Anna Chancellor Anna Friel Ashley Slanina Davies Barbara Windsor Bill Nighy Billie Piper Brenda Blethyn C D Catherine Tate Catherine Zeta Jones Charlotte Rampling Christian Bale… … Wikipedia
Actors for Refugees — is an Australian community organisation. It was founded in Melbourne in September 2001 by actresses Alice Garner and Kate Atkinson. It aimed to use the collective power of Australian actors to influence community attitudes toward refugees and… … Wikipedia
actors /female — British cinema enjoyed a golden age in the 1960s, not only at home but abroad. For a film industry which was formed very much in the shadow of Hollywood, British actors provide a fascinating insight into the industry’s self perception in… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
Cultural and Regional Studies — Bianco, Anthony. Ghosts of 42nd Street: A History of America s Most Infamous Block. New York: Harper Perennial, 2005. Black, Cheryl. The Women of Provincetown, 1915 1922. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2002. Casto, Marilyn. Actors,… … The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater
Lists of actors — The following are lists of actors:Overall: *List of male movie actors (A K) *List of male movie actors (L Z) *List of female movie actorsTheater actors: *List of male theater actors *List of female theater actorspecific roles or genres*List of… … Wikipedia
List of actors with two or more Academy Awards in acting categories — The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has given Academy Awards to actors and actresses for their performances in films since its conception. Throughout the history of the Academy Awards, there have been actors and actresses that have… … Wikipedia
List of actors nominated for two Academy Awards in the same year — The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has nominated actors and actresses for two Academy Awards in a single year since 1938. Provided that they receive enough votes from the Academy in both categories to earn a nomination, there are no… … Wikipedia